In Prague, there are generaly two botanical gardens. The first, more familiar, is called Prague Botanic Garden (Botanická Zahrada hl.m. Prahy)
. The Garden is located in Prague 8 Troja, in the vicinity of the Prague. The Garden invites its visitors to see and enjoy open air exhibitions, arranged as an impressive park, the historical Vineyard of St. Claire, Japanese Garden, the tropical greenhouse Fata Morgana together with numerous festive and educational events.Fata Morgana
The tropical greenhouse is a modern construction with unusual "S" shaped ground plan which is embedded into rocky terrain. Natural breakup of the rocky surface is artfully exploited for terraced planting of displayed vegetation. This remarkable shape and unique solution for exhibition area is covering approximately 1750 sq. metres and is considered to be unparalleled in Europe.
The interior of the greenhouse is divided into three self - reliant sections with different temperature and humidity, in which the visitor gradually becomes acquainted with the vegetation of tropical and, in part, of subtropical climatic zones, too. The plants are differentiated according to the important phytogeographical regions with the aim to create the conception of natural plant formations.St. Claire's Vineyard
This tiny chapel is a true centerpiece of overlooking not only the Troja Chateau, but whole Troja. Both the Chateau and the chapel have been built by count Václav Vojtěch Sternberk around 1680. The chapel is consecrated to St. Claire (Klára in Czech).
The Vineyard, which is under protection of law as "National Heritage"; reminds of the past glory of Prague's viticulture.The Japanese Garden
Is divided into two subsections. The first one represents the "landscape with mountains, trees, stream and lake". The remaining part, rather a collection, offers an array of woody species, originating in Japan and China. Collection of Japanese maples and sugis (Cryptomerias) is a true rarity.www.botanicka.cz
address: Trojská 800/196, Praha 8 - Troja
The second one is Prague Botanical Garden (Botanická zahrada Přírodovědecké fakulty Univerzity Karlovy v Praze)
, which is the oldest botanic garden in the Czech Republic.
In the complex there is a building of the Department of Botany of Charles University Faculty of Science, another belonging to the Institute for Environmental Studies and also the Department of Education and Student Affairs of the Faculty of Science. The public area is divided into the greenhouses and outdoor sections. The greenhouses are home to a permanent exhibition from the tropics and dry subtropics (the cacti and succulent collection). In the summer the collection of plants from the wet subtropics is installed outdoors according to their continents of origin; in winter the plants are stored in a large cold greenhouse. In addition to the extensive collection of succulents, noteworthy are the large and old specimens of cycads, camellias, myrtles and other plants from the collections of the former 19th century Smíchov university gardens. Important in the outdoor exhibition is a unique specimen of Ginkgo biloba, Ginkgo biloba cv. Praga, initially shaped using bonsai techniques, estimated to be about 130 years old, as well as one of the first dawn redwoods introduced into Europe, and other trees. The most valuable exhibition is a collection of Central European flora, founded in 1904 and maintained continuously ever since.
The collection is visited annually by about 100 000 people. It serves not only as a source of demonstration material for students of biology and related fields from both Charles University and its affiliated colleges and secondary schools, but also contributes to community education and recreation for all ages, especially for the people of Prague 2.www.bz-uk.cz
address: Na Slupi 16, Praha 2